Evaluating reading comprehension ability through the SQ4R model

  • N. SIMBOLON University of Negeri Medan, Indonesia
  • I. MARBUN SD Swasta Markus Medan, Indonesia
  • E.B SIMANJUNTAK University of Negeri Medan, Indonesia
Palabras clave: Indonesian subject, learning model, reading comprehension, SQ4R. / Asignatura de Indonesia, comprensión de lectura, modelo de aprendizaje, SQ4R.




The aim of this paper was to assess the reading comprehension skills of V grade students in Indonesia using the SQ4R model (Survey, Question, Reading, Reflect, Recite, Review). A sample population consisting of 30 students was selected through purposive sampling at the SDN Medan Johor. Data was collected through observation, pre-tests, and post-test examinations. The objective was to determine how the model had influenced the abilities of the participants. The results showed that SQ4R model could be used in elementary school to motivate students and make them more active in class, as well as enhance the reading comprehension skills.



El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar las habilidades de comprensión lectora de los estudiantes de V grado en Indonesia utilizando el modelo SQ4R (Encuesta, Pregunta, Lectura, Reflexión, Recitación, Revisión). Se seleccionó una muestra de población compuesta por 30 estudiantes a través de un muestreo intencional en el SDN Medan Johor. Los datos fueron recolectados a través de observaciones, pruebas previas y exámenes posteriores a la prueba. El objetivo era determinar cómo el modelo había influido en las habilidades de los participantes. Los resultados mostraron que el modelo SQ4R podría usarse en la escuela primaria para motivar a los estudiantes y hacerlos más activos en clase, así como mejorar las habilidades de comprensión de lectura.

Biografía del autor/a

N. SIMBOLON, University of Negeri Medan, Indonesia
Naeklan Simbolon is a senior lecturer at the Faculty of Education, Universitas Negeri Medan, Medan, Indonesia. Graduated as a Bachelor of English from IKIP Medan (1983), a Master of Educational Technology from Medan State University (2004), and a Doctor of Educational Technology from the University of Jakarta (2012). She is a reviewer of several Education journals and interested in research related to English Language Education and Educational Technology.
I. MARBUN, SD Swasta Markus Medan, Indonesia
Inrasari Marbun is a teacher at SD Swasta Markus Medan. She has graduated from Universtas Negeri Medan, Majoring Primary Teacher Education. She is focusing in research and publication on elementary student.
E.B SIMANJUNTAK, University of Negeri Medan, Indonesia
Eva Betty Simanjuntak is a senior lecturer at the Faculty of Education, Medan State University, with a Bachelor of English and a Magister of Educational Administration. A K13 National Instructor and National Professional Development Instructor. Interested research topics are related to 21st Century Education and HOTS in Primary Schools.


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Cómo citar
SIMBOLON, N., MARBUN, I., & SIMANJUNTAK, E. (2020). Evaluating reading comprehension ability through the SQ4R model. Utopía Y Praxis Latinoamericana, 25(1), 511-523. Recuperado a partir de https://www.produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/utopia/article/view/33565