Tendencias investigativas sobre comercio internacional y derechos humanos: Un análisis de redes. / Research Trends on International Trade and Human Rights: A Network Analysis

  • Alejandra GUARDIOLA ESMERAL Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Santa Marta
Palabras clave: Tendencias investigativas, Comercio internacional, Negocios internacionales, Derechos humanos. / Research trends, International Trade, International Business, Human rights.




El objetivo del presente estudio es identificar los temas influyentes sobre la producción científica relacionada con comercio internacional y derechos humanos, así como las relaciones entre los temas. En este sentido, se realizó un análisis de redes de palabras claves sobre los artículos publicados entre 1953 y 2019. En el análisis se identificaron 31 palabras claves principales. Luego, se realizó un mapa de asociaciones entre los términos que evidencian las relaciones entre los grupos temáticos. Se encontraron 5 áreas que han concentrado las investigaciones sobre comercio internacional y derechos humanos. Se realiza una discusión por cada una de esas áreas.



The objective of the present study is to identify influential issues on scientific production related to international trade and human rights, as well as the relationships between the issues. In this sense, an analysis of keyword networks was carried out on articles published between 1953 and 2019. In the analysis, 31 main keywords were identified. Then, a map of associations between the terms that show the relationships between the thematic groups was made. Five areas were found that have concentrated research on international trade and human rights. A discussion is held for each of those areas.

Biografía del autor/a

Alejandra GUARDIOLA ESMERAL, Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Santa Marta

Doctora en Ciencias, mención Gerencia, Curso Superior en Microfinanzas y Desarrollo Social, Especialista en Planeación Educativa y Planes de Desarrollo, Profesional en Comercio Internacional, profesora universitaria con experiencia de 14 años, profesora investigadora adscrita al programa de comercio internacional de la Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, últimas publicaciones, Tourist potential of Santa Marta: A Review of development, growth and barriers, The relevance of inclusive businesses at the base of the economic pyramid, Una Mirada a la Regionalización en América Latina, Influencia de la Teoría Neoliberal en el Comercio Internacional en Colombia, Influence of anxiety in the compulsive purchases of women financially educated.


ALSAMAWI, A., MURRAY, J., LENZEN, M., & REYES, R. C. (2017). Trade in occupational safety and health: Tracing the embodied human and economic harm in labour along the global supply chain. Journal of cleaner production, 147, 187-196.

ÁNGULO, G., GALVIS, E., GONZÁLEZ, M., & ESCOBAR, L. (2018). Educación, cultura y sociedad : una mirada desde la producción científica. Santa Marta.: Editorial Unimagdalena

ARNOLD, D. G., & VALENTIN, A. (2013). Corporate social responsibility at the base of the pyramid. Journal of business research, 66(10), 1904-1914.

ASGARY, N., & MITSCHOW, M. C. (2002). Toward a model for international business ethics. Journal of Business Ethics, 36(3), 239-246.

AUGENSTEIN, D. (2018). Negotiating the Hard/Soft Law Divide in Business and Human Rights: The Implementation of the UNGP s in the European Union. Global Policy, 9(2), 254-263.

AUSÍN, T. (2010). El derecho a comer: Los alimentos como bien público global. Arbor, 186(745), 847-858.

BOWIE, N. E. (2019). International business as a possible civilizing force in a cosmopolitan world. Journal of Business Ethics, 155(4), 941-950.

BURGOS, G. (2012). La OMC y los derechos humanos: ¿alguna relación? Colombia Internacional, (76), 327-359.

CASEY, J. P. (2010). Open borders: absurd chimera or inevitable future policy?. International Migration, 48(5), 14-62.

CIAMPI, A. (2019). The divide between human rights, international trade, investment and development law. German Yearbook of International Law: Volume 61, Issue 1Duncker & Humblot GmbH. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3790/gyil.61.1.251

COLLART, D. F. (2015). Lascaux and food security law across the world: The intellectual history of an atypical law research program. Revue internationale de droit économique, 29(2), 237-256.

COMPA, L. (2001). NAFTA's labor side agreement and international labor solidarity. Antipode, 33(3), 451-467.

DIAS, C. S. L., RODRIGUES, R. G., & FERREIRA, J. J. (2019). Agricultural entrepreneurship: Going back to the basics. Journal of Rural Studies, 70, 125–138. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrurstud.2019.06.001

D’ODORICO, P., CARR, J. A., DAVIS, K. F., DELL’ANGELO, J., & SEEKELL, D. A. (2019). Food inequality, injustice, and rights. BioScience, 69(3), 180-190.

DOMMEN, C. (2002). Raising Human Rights concerns in the World Trade Organization: Actors, processes and possible strategies. Human Rights Quarterly, 24(1), 1-50.

EGGER, H., & FISCHER, C. (2020). Increasing resistance to globalization: The role of trade in tasks. European Economic Review, 103446.

FALKENBERG, A. W. (2010). An international perspective on the moral maturity of marketers. Australasian Marketing Journal (AMJ), 18(3), 186-189.

FREY, D. F. (2017). Economic growth, full employment and decent work: The means and ends in SDG 8. The International Journal of Human Rights, 21(8), 1164-1184.

FORMAN, L., & MACNAUGHTON, G. (2016). Lessons learned: a framework methodology for human rights impact assessment of intellectual property protections in trade agreements. Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal, 34(1), 55-71.

GIULIANI, E. (2018). Why multinational enterprises may be causing more inequality than we think. Multinational Business Review. Vol. 27 No. 3, pp. 221-225. https://doi.org/10.1108/MBR-10-2018-0068

GONZÁLEZ-GOMEZ, S., & GARCÍA-SANTILLÁN, A. (2019). The TRIPS agreement implementation in Mexico. Implications for social responsibility and development. development, 12(2), 46-65.

HAUGEN, H. M. (2010). Human Rights Impact Assessment in the Context of Biofuels: Addressing the Human Right to Food and the Human Rights to Water. Nordic J. Hum. Rts., 28, 39.

HUYNEN, M. M., MARTENS, P., & HILDERINK, H. B. (2005). The health impacts of globalisation: a conceptual framework. Globalization and health, 1(1), 14.

JARA GÓMEZ, A. M. (2020). Globalización, transnacionalidad y desprotección de los derechos humanos. Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Políticas y Sociales, 65(238), 19-47.

JAZAIRY, I. (2019). Unilateral Economic Sanctions, International Law, and Human Rights. Ethics & International Affairs, 33(3), 291–302. doi:10.1017/s0892679419000339

KELAM, I. (2019). Investor to State Dispute Settlement. A Challenge for Democracy, Ethics, the Environment, and the Rule of Law. Synthesis philosophica, 34(1), 59-71.

KOLK, A. (2016). The social responsibility of international business: From ethics and the environment to CSR and sustainable development. Journal of World Business, 51(1), 23-34.

LEXCHIN, J. (2013). Canada and access to medicines in developing countries: intellectual property rights first. Globalization and health, 9(1), 42.

LIN, S. Y. (2017). The evolution of food security governance and food sovereignty movement in China: An analysis from the world society theory. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics, 30(5), 667-695.

MARGULIS, M. E. (2013). The regime complex for food security: Implications for the global hunger challenge. Global Governance, 19, 53.

MARGULIS, M. E. (2018). The World Trade Organization between law and politics: negotiating a solution for public stockholding for food security purposes. Transnational Legal Theory, 9(3-4), 343-360.

MARTIN-ORTEGA, O., & METHVEN O'BRIEN, C. (2017). Advancing respect for labour rights globally through public procurement. Politics and Governance, 5(4), 69-79.

MIKLIAN, J. (2019) Contextualising and theorising economic development, local business and ethnic cleansing in Myanmar, Conflict, Security & Development, 19:1, 55-78, DOI: 10.1080/14678802.2019.1561624

MILEWICZ, K., HOLLWAY, J., PEACOCK, C., & SNIDAL, D. (2018). Beyond trade: The expanding scope of the nontrade agenda in trade agreements. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 62(4), 743-773.

MISHRA, S., TEWARI, I., & TOOSI, S. (2020). Economic Complexity and the Globalization of Services. Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, 53, 267-280. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.strueco.2020.03.002

MUZIO, D., FAULCONBRIDGE, J. R., GABBIONETA, C., & GREENWOOD, R. (2016). Bad barrels and bad cellars: A “boundaries” perspective on professional misconduct. In D. Palmer, R. Greenwood, & K. Smith-Crowe (Eds.). Organizational wrongdoing: Key perspectives and new directions (pp. 141–175). .

NEIMAN, P. (2013). A social contract for international business ethics. Journal of Business Ethics, 114(1), 75-90.

OBARA, L. J., & PEATTIE, K. (2018). Bridging the great divide? Making sense of the human rights-CSR relationship in UK multinational companies. Journal of World Business, 53(6), 781-793.

ORGANIZACIÓN DE LAS NACIONES UNIDAS. (2005). Los derechos humanos y los acuerdos comerciales mundiales. Las cláusulas de excepción general como medio para proteger los derechos humanos. Informe de la Oficina del Alto Comisionado de las Naciones Unidas para los Derechos Humanos Disponible en https://www.ohchr.org/_layouts/15/WopiFrame.aspx?sourcedoc=/Documents/Publications/WorldTrade_sp.pdf&action=default&DefaultItemOpen=1

ORGANIZACIÓN DE LAS NACIONES UNIDAS. (2011). Principios rectores relativos a las evaluaciones de los efectos de los acuerdos de comercio e inversión en los derechos humanos. Informe del Relator Especial sobre el derecho a la alimentación, Sr. Olivier De Schutter. Disponible en https://www.ohchr.org/_layouts/15/WopiFrame.aspx?sourcedoc=/Documents/Issues/Food/A.HRC.19.59.Add.5_SP.pdf&action=default&DefaultItemOpen=1

PAIK, Y., LEE, J. M., & PAK, Y. S. (2019). Convergence in international business ethics? A comparative study of ethical philosophies, thinking style, and ethical decision-making between US and Korean managers. Journal of Business Ethics, 156(3), 839-855.

PEXIOTO BATISTA, J. (2008). Derechos humanos y comercio, ¿una relación conflictiva? La protección del derecho a la educación en las negociaciones comerciales internacionales. Programa de Estudios en Instituciones Económicas internacionales. Flacso Argentina.

SINKOVICS, R. R., SINKOVICS, S. F., HOQUE, S. F., & CZABAN, L. (2015). A reconceptualisation of social value creation as social constraint alleviation. Critical perspectives on international business (11), ¾, pp. 340-363

STAHL, G. K., & SULLY DE LUQUE, M. (2014). Antecedents of responsible leader behavior: A research synthesis, conceptual framework, and agenda for future research. Academy of Management Perspectives, 28, 235–254.

TERÁN-YÉPEZ, E., MARÍN-CARRILLO, G. M., CASADO-BELMONTE, M. DEL P., & CAPOBIANCO-URIARTE, M. DE LAS M. (2020). Sustainable entrepreneurship: Review of its evolution and new trends. Journal of Cleaner Production, 252, 1–21. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.119742

TREU, T. (2017). Globalisation and human rights. Social clauses in commercial treaties and in international relations among enterprises. Stato e mercato, (1), 7-50.

ULFELDER, J. (2008). International integration and democratization: An event history analysis. Democratisation, 15(2), 272-296.

VENKATESAN, R. (2019). The UN Framework on Business and Human Rights: A workers’ rights critique. Journal of Business Ethics, 157(3), 635-652.

WETTSTEIN, F., GIULIANI, E., SANTANGELO, G. D., & STAHL, G. K. (2019). International business and human rights: A research agenda. Journal of World Business, 54(1), 54-65.

YOO, S., JANG, S., BYUN, S. W., & PARK, S. (2019). Exploring human resource development research themes: A keyword network analysis. Human Resource Development Quarterly, 30(2), 155–174. https://doi.org/10.1002/hrdq.21336

Cómo citar
GUARDIOLA ESMERAL, A. (2020). Tendencias investigativas sobre comercio internacional y derechos humanos: Un análisis de redes. / Research Trends on International Trade and Human Rights: A Network Analysis. Utopía Y Praxis Latinoamericana, 25, 249-263. Recuperado a partir de https://www.produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/utopia/article/view/32865