Comprehensive Model Of The Provision Of The Prohibition Of The Wife’s Employment In Iranian And Egyptian Laws Based On The Imamiyyah Jurisprudence

Palabras clave: Jurisprudential History, Legal System, Superior Principle, Woman’s Right to Employment. Derecho de la Mujer al Empleo, Historia Jurisprudencial, Principio Superior, Sistema Legal.




In recent years, due to the increasing number of court cases, the question of women's right to employment has become a significant challenge in the legal system. Challenges such as “the superior principle” regarding women's right to employment, employment criteria, and the prohibition of employment are discussed in this article. Various approaches of different authors and the respective judicial processes have been elaborated in a rational framework and, in an attempt to offer a framework for responding to employment disputes concerning the jurisprudential history and the jurisprudents’’ points of view, each has been thoroughly investigated. 



En los últimos años, debido al creciente número de casos judiciales, la cuestión del derecho de las mujeres al empleo se ha convertido en un desafío importante en el sistema legal. En este artículo se discuten desafíos como "el principio superior" con respecto al derecho de las mujeres al empleo, los criterios de empleo y la prohibición del empleo. Se han elaborado varios enfoques de diferentes autores y los procesos judiciales respectivos en un marco racional y, en un intento de ofrecer un marco para responder a disputas laborales relacionadas con la historia jurisprudencial y los puntos de vista de los jurisprudenciales, cada uno ha sido investigado a fondo.

Biografía del autor/a

H. SHAFIEI FINI, Kharazmi University

Hossein was born in Kashan, Iran, in 1959. He holds a Ph.D. in Islamic Law and Jurisprudence from the University of Lebanon and was an assistant professor and faculty member and, in different years, the Vice-Chancellor for Student / Cultural Affairs of Kharazmi University in Tehran, Iran. He is currently a professor of law and a senior attorney-at-law in Tehran, has published numerous scientific and research papers, is the editor of a journal, coordinates scientific conferences, and is interested in research in the field of jurisprudence and law.

F. AKHTARSHENAS, Kharazmi University

Farhad was born in Dishmuk Division of Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Province in 1979, with a BA in Islamic Jurisprudence and Principles of Islamic Law from Yasuj Islamic Azad University, Iran, a master’s degree in Islamic Jurisprudence and Principles of Islamic Law from Islamic Azad University, Takestan Branch, Iran, in 2007, and at present is a last-semester PhD student in Islamic Jurisprudence and Private Law, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran. He holds the Distinguished Student Dissertation of the Year Award in 2008, is a senior researcher at the University, has teaching experience at the university level, is the author of several books and articles, and is interested in research in the field of family law.



AGHAJANIAN, A (1986). “Some notes on divorce in Iran”. Journal of Marriage and the Family, pp.749-755.

ANSARI-POUR, MA (2001). Remuneration for Work Done by a Wife under Islamic and Iranian Law. Yearbook of Islamic and Middle Eastern Law Online, 8(1), pp.108-121.

BARIKLOU, AR (2011). “The wife's right of divorce on the basis of the delegation condition under Islamic and Iranian law”. International Journal of Law, Policy and the Family, 25(2), pp.184-198.

BRANDT, M, & KAPLAN, JA (1995). “The tension between Women's rights and religious rights: reservations to Cedaw by Egypt, Bangladesh and Tunisia”. Journal of Law and Religion, 12(1), pp.105-142.

ESPOSITO, JL (2001). Women in Muslim family law. Syracuse University Press.

FLUEHR-LOBBAN, C (1998). Cultural relativism and universal human rights.

MOGHADAM, VM (2003). Modernizing women: Gender and social change in the Middle East. Lynne Rienner Publishers.

MOGHADAM, VM (2004). “Patriarchy in transition: Women and the changing family in the Middle East”. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 35(2), pp.137-162.

NASSEHI-BEHNAM, V (1985). Change and the Iranian family. Current anthropology, 26(5), pp.557-562.

SHAHIDIAN, H (2002). Women in Iran: Gender politics in the Islamic republic (No. 197). Greenwood Publishing Group.

SHERIF, B (1999). Gender Contradictions in Families: Official v. Practical Representations among Upper Middle-Class Muslim Egyptians. Anthropology Today, 15(4), pp.9-13.

ZARCHI, FR, & KHALIL, SAM (2013). Substitution in Divorce in Jurisprudence and Islamic Republic of Iran Statute Law.

Cómo citar
SHAFIEI FINI, H., & AKHTARSHENAS, F. (2019). Comprehensive Model Of The Provision Of The Prohibition Of The Wife’s Employment In Iranian And Egyptian Laws Based On The Imamiyyah Jurisprudence. Utopía Y Praxis Latinoamericana, 24(1), 409-419. Recuperado a partir de