English Language Book Reading Based on Contextu- al Teaching and Learning (CTL) for Elementary School Students

  • Herlina Usman
  • Ika Lestari
  • Anisah Anisah
  • Dini Nuf Fadhillah
  • Vina Iasha
Palabras clave: book reading, English language, contextual teaching and learning, elementary school


This study aims to describe the use of English language book reading based on contextual teaching and learning for elementary school students. This re- search used a qualitative approach. This study collaboration with 25 students in 5th grade and 2 English teachers through interviewed for 40-45 minutes at 24 Muhammadiyah elementary school, Rawamangun, Jakarta, Indonesia. Data collection was also carried out by documentation of basic reading com- petency standards for 5th grade elementary school. The results of this study indicate that the existence of English language book reading based on contex- tual teaching and learning increases students ‘interest in reading, motivates students to learn and read English, and increases students’ interest in learn- ing English. In addition, English language reading books make it easier for teachers to support students’ reading competencies and introduce students to English language especially vocabulary material.

Biografía del autor/a

Herlina Usman
Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Indonesia
Ika Lestari
Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Indonesia
Anisah Anisah
Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Indonesia
Dini Nuf Fadhillah
Universitas Sebelas Maret, Indonesia;
Vina Iasha
Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Indonesia


Ambrose, VK, Davis, CA, & Ziegler, MF (2013). From research to practice: A framework for contextualizing teaching and learning. Journal of College Reading and Learning , 44 (1), 35–50. https://doi. org/10.1080/10790195.2013.10850371

Astuti, NT, & Hapsari, FS (2019). Effectiveness of film media and se- mantic mapping learning strategy in increasing the power of english english vocabulary. Journal of Education and Instruction (JOEAI) , 2 (1), 1689–1699.

Atmawijaya, TD (2018). The Effect of Implementing Contextu- al Teaching and Learning Method in Teaching English Vocabulary of Class Xi Students at State High School 33 Jakarta [the Effect of Implementing Contextual Teaching and Learning on Teaching Eng- lish Vocabulary in Grade 11 at Senior High School 33 Jakarta]. Pol- yglot: Scientific Journal , 14 (2), 179. https://doi.org/10.19166/pji. v14i2.1045

Bera, LK (2016). The Effect of Contextual Learning Strategy on the Base of Language Exposure Ecology and Learning Motivation on the Material of English Vocabulary . (1), 508-514.

Burwell, K. (2013). Apprenticeship in music: A contextual study for in- strumental teaching and learning. International Journal of Music Ed- ucation , 31 (3), 276–291. https://doi.org/10.1177/0255761411434501 Creswell, J. (2014). Research Design, Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed Methods Approaches (Fourth). Sage Publication.

Danacı, M. Ö., & Yükselen, A. İ. (2014). The Effect of Child Activity on the Habituation Attitude of Reading Book which of Child’s Par- ents. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences , 152 , 1207-1213. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.09.300

Dos Santos, LM (2019). English language learning for engineering students: Application of a visual-only video teaching strategy. Global Journal of Engineering Education , 21 (1), 37–44.

Edi, W. (2015). English Language Teaching and Learning Issues in Batam Learners’ Perception via Facebook Dialog Journal. AN- GLO-SAXON: Scientific Journal of English Education Study Pro- gram , 6 (2). https://doi.org/10.33373/anglo.v6i2.361

Glynn, SM, & Winter, LK (2004). Contextual Teaching and Learning of science in elementary schools. Journal of Elementary Science Ed- ucation , 16 (2), 51–63. https://doi.org/10.1007/bf03173645

Herlina & Nidya Chandra [2019] Teaching English to Students of Elementary School. Bumiaksara Publication. https://www.volun- teerworld.com

Hiew, W. (2012). English Language Teaching and Learning Issues in Malaysia: Learners’ Perceptions Via Facebook Dialogue Journal. Journal of Arts, Science & Commerce , 3 (1), 11–19.

Herlina, Dewi. R. R [2017] Flashcard Media: The Media For Devel- oping Students Understanding For English Vocabulary At Elemen- tary School: Indonesian Journal of Educational Review .4, [1], 116- 128 http://journal.unj.ac.id/unj/index.php/ijer

Hutagol, S. (2018). Increasing the ability of teachers in english, smp negeri 2 tebing tinggi in doing contextual teaching and learning learning through clinical supervision activities. School Education Journal , 8 (4), 414–420.

Kustandi, C., Ibrahim, N., & Muchtar, H. (2019). Virtual reality based on media simulation for preparing prospective teacher educa- tion students. International Journal of Recent Technology and Engi- neering , 8 (1C2), 399–402.

Lestari, I., Maksum, A., & Kustandi, C. (2019). Mobile Learning De- sign Models for State University of Jakarta, Indonesia. Internation- al Journal of Interactive Mobile Technologies (IJIM) , 13 (09), 152. Https://doi.org/10.3991/ijim.v13i09.10987

Maemunah, N., Mulyasa, E., & Yusuf, S. (2018). The Use of Image Media to Increase Student Interest and Learning Outcomes in Eng- lish Language Learning at SMP Negeri 30 Bandung. Nusantara Edu- cation Review , 1 , 75–80.

Marhamah, M., Handayani, W., Mukhaiyar, M., & Ramadhan, S. (2018). Integrated Thematic Context on Contextual Learning Based on English Learning Process in the Fifth Year at As Shofa Islamic El- ementary School. International Conference on Language, Literature, and Education (ICLLE 2018) Integrated , 263 , 272-275. https://doi. org/10.2991/iclle-18.2018.46

Mattarima, K., & Rahim Hamdan, A. (2011). The Teaching Con- straints of English as a Foreign Language in Indonesia: The Context of School Based Curriculum. Sosiohumanika , 4 (2), 2011. Retrieved from http://www.journals.mindamas.com/index.php/sosiohumanika/ar- ticle/viewFile/452/450

Munir, M., & Nur, RH (2018). the Development of English Learning Model Based on Contextual Teaching and Learning (CTL) in Junior High Schools. International Journal of Language Education , 2 (1), 31. https://doi.org/10.26858/ijole.v2i1.4326

Nashon, SM, & Madera, EK (2013). Instrument for assessing the dis- position of contextual learning of science in students in East Africa. SAGE Open , 3 (3), 1–23 https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244013494862

Noble, C., Sala, G., Peter, M., Lingwood, J., Rowland, C., Gobet, F., & Pine, J. (2019). The impact of shared books reading on children’s lan- guage skills: A meta-analysis. Educational Research Review . https:// doi.org/10.1016/j.edurev.2019.100290

Nugroho, R., Mustaji, M., & Suhanadji, S. (2018). Development Learning Tools with CTL Approach for Elementary School Students. 2nd International Conference on Education Innovation (ICEI 2018) Development , 212 , 137-141. https://doi.org/10.2991/icei-18.2018.30 Nurhayati, E. (2019). Improvement of student learning outcomes in the concept of change of objective objects through the application of the contextual teaching and learning (ctl) method. Pedogiana , 8 (5), 237–243.

Nurjamaludin, M., Sruyaningrat, EF, & Marlina, ER (2019). The use of the Contextual Teaching and Learning (CTL) Learning Model to improve motivation and learning outcomes in reading poetry of Grade V students. Journal of Reading , 53 (9), 1689–1699. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107415324.004

O’Sullivan, M. (2006). Lesson observation and quality in primary ed- ucation as contextual teaching and learning processes. International Journal of Educational Development , 26 (3), 246-260. https://doi. org/10.1016/j.ijedudev.2005.07.016

Perin, D. (2011). Facilitating student learning through contextualiza- tion. Assessment of Evidence Series. (CCRC Working Paper No. 29) . New York: Community College Research Center, Teachers College, Columbia University.

Pollard-Durodola, SD, Gonzalez, JE, Saenz, L., Soares, D., Resendez, N., Kwok, O., ... Zhu, L. (2016). The effects of content-related shared book reading on the language development of preschool dual lan- guage learners. Early Childhood Research Quarterly , 36 , 106–121. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecresq.2015.12.004

Prawiradilaga, DS (2012). Educational Technology Insights . Jakarta: Kencana.

Preece, ASD, & Bularafa, MW (2015). Community of inquiry meth- ods and language acquisition skills: empirical evidence. Journal of Education and Practice , 6 (27), 89–93. Retrieved from http://irep. iium.edu.my/62716/

Proctor, CP, Silverman, RD, Harring, JR, & Montecillo, C. (2012). Er- ratum to: The role of vocabulary depth in predicting reading compre- hension among monolingual English and Spanish-English bilingual children in elementary school (Read Writ, 10.1007 / s11145-011- 9336-5). Reading and Writing , 25 (7), 1795. https://doi.org/10.1007/ s11145-011-9351-6

Rahmawati, S., & Subali, B. (2018). The Effect of Ethnoscience Based on Contextual Learning Toward Students’ Learning Activity. Journal of Primary Education , 8 (2), 152–160.

Suastika, IK, & Tri Wahyuningtyas, D. (2018). Developing Mod- ule of Fractional Numbers using Contextual Teaching and Learn- ing Approach. Emissions of Education , 7 (1), 23–32. https://doi. org/10.25037/pancaran.v7i1.132

Sulistyowati, D., & Indonesia, UK (2017). Application of contextual teaching and learning (ctl) to teach the directional complete struc- ture ( ū