Elif Shafak:The Voice of The Other

  • Mohammed Nihad Nafea Al-Sammarraie

Resumen

This study explores one of the common problems in communities with mul- ticultural backgrounds, when minorities fall victims of the extreme practices of the majority, eventually they suffer being marginalized and treated as “the other”. It exhibits this problem as it appears in the works and interviews of the Turkish bestseller author and novelist, Elif Shafak. The study presents a brief background about the Turkish society as a multicultural one enumerat- ing the elements shaping this multicultural identity. It also relates the Turkish society with the idea of otherness. It, then, discusses this problem by referring to Shafak’s writings and interviews discussing it. It is divided into three parts, an introduction, a chapter, and a conclusion. The Introduction briefs cultural traits of the Turkish society, Shafak’s life background and a brief sketch about the idea of otherness. Whereas, the chapter discusses the problem of otherness in two of Shafak’s novels: The Bastard of Istanbul, and The Forty Rules of Love, and then present solutions through the idea of cosmopolitanism. The conclusion sums up the findings of the study.

Biografía del autor/a

Mohammed Nihad Nafea Al-Sammarraie
Al-Turath University College

Citas

Adams, Lloraine. “Armenian in Istanbul.” New York: The New York Times, 2007. – www.nytimes.com - Accessed on 9:35 P.M. Jan. 15, 2016. Adil, Alev. “The Forty Rules of Love, by Elif Shafak.” London: The In- dependent, 2010. - www.independent.co.uk - Accessed on 9:30 P.M. Jan. 15, 2016.

“The Author of The Forty Rules of Love, Elif Shafak,” (London: BBC Arabia Official YouTube Channel, 2014), n.p. – www.youtube.com - Ac- cessed on 8:50 P.M. Jan. 14, 2016.

BBC News. “Turkey Profile – Timeline.” London: BBC News Official YouTube Channel, 2014.

Beauvoir, S. de. The Second Sex. New York: Alfred Knopf, 1952.

Dico, Joy Lo. “Elif Shafak: ‘Fear is a very dangerous thing’.” London: The Independent, 2013. – www.theindependent.co.uk - Accessed on 8:55 P.M. Jan. 16, 2016.

“Elif Shafak talks to The London Book Fair.” London: The London Book Fair Official Website, 2013. – www.londonbookfair.co.uk - Accessed on 8:45 P.M. Jan. 14, 2016.

“Elif Shafak talks ‘Turkishness’—and staying out of jail.” (New York: Women in the World Official Website, 2015. – nytlive.nytimes.com - Ac- cessed on 9:05 P.M. Jan. 14, 2016.

Fanon, F. Black Skin, White Masks. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1963. “The Forty Rules of Love: Review.” London: The Guardian, 2014. – www. theguardian.com - Accessed on 9:15 P.M. Jan. 15, 2016.

“Global Village.” Microsoft Student Encarta Dictionary. Redmond, Wash- ington: Microsoft Corporation, 2008.

Hooglund, Eric. “Turkey.” Microsoft Student. Redmond, Washington: Microsoft Corporation, 2008.

“Marshall McLuhan.” Microsoft Student. Redmond, Washington: Micro- soft Corporation, 2008.

Nuestadt, Robert. (CON)FUSING SIGNS AND POSTMODERN POSI- TIONS. New York: Garland Publishing, 1999.

Peckham, Aaron. “Othered.” The Urban Dictionary. California: The Urban Dictionary Website, 1999. - www.urbandictionary.com - Accessed on 8:40 P.M. Jan. 14, 2016.

Shafak, Elif. “Elif Shafak Biography.” Istanbul: Elif Shafak Official Web- site, 2016. - www.elifshafak.com – Accessed on 8:30 P.M. Jan. 14, 2016. --------------. “Opinion: Striving for ‘sameness’ Turkey stifles progress.” London: CNN Official Website, 2015. – www.cnn.com - Accessed on 9:10 P.M. Jan. 14, 2016.

--------------. The Bastard of Istanbul. Istanbul: Viking Press, 2007. --------------. The Forty Rules of Love. London: Penguin Books, 2010. Skidelsky, William. “Elif Shafak: ‘In Turkey, men write and women read. I want to see this change.’” London: The Guardian, 2012. – www.theguard- ian.com - Accessed on 8:35 P.M. Jan. 14, 2016.

Spencer, Herbert. The Principles of Biology. New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1896.

Staszak, Jean-Francois. “Other / Otherness.” International Encyclopedia of Human Geography. Philadelphia: Elsevier, 2009.

Stravynski, Ariel. Fearing Others: The Nature and Treatment of Social Phobia. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007.

“Turkey politics: ‘Women are almost non-existent’ says Elif Şafak - BBC News,” (London: BBC News Official YouTube Channel, 2015), n.p. – www.youtube.com - Accessed on 9:00 P.M. Jan. 14, 2016.

Waisman, Sergio Gabriel. “The Body As Migration.” Bilingual Review. Arizona: Bilingual Press, 1994.

“Worlds Literature Festival 2015 Provocation: Elif Shafak,” (Norwich: Writers’ Center Norwich Official Website, 2015), n.p. – www.writerscen- trenorwich.org.uk - Accessed on 8:55 P.M. Jan. 14, 2016.

Publicado
2019-08-13